Ms Patten (Northern Metropolitan Region — Legislative Council) — Thank you, Speaker and President. Firstly, I would like to acknowledge the people in the gallery and in Queen’s Hall who have bravely and fearlessly campaigned for this wrong to be righted.
In his 1858 book called On Liberty, John Stuart Mill wrote:
… the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant.
In doing so, Mill endorsed the view that although we may not agree with the private sexual lives between two consenting adults, it is not the role of the state to concern itself with such activities. The idea that there is one set of laws for the majority of the community and an additional set of laws that prohibit activities on the basis of morality is not only to create the notion of second-class citizens but it also undermines the human rights principle of equality under the law.
As we know, in 1980 the Victorian Parliament passed a law decriminalising homosexual acts. The act came into effect the following year. However, the social stigma and violence that surrounded homosexuality was still very much at large. Sadly, the 1980 reforms did not end the persecution of gay men. It was a small but significant step that enabled the future progression of gay men’s rights and also the rights for all LGBTI people.
I worked in the HIV/AIDS field in the early 1990s, and I dread to think what the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic would have been if these unjust and discriminatory laws had not been reformed. In international jurisdictions the criminalisation of sexual activity between consenting adults leads to poorer health outcomes, particularly with respect to HIV. Let us not forget that the impact of HIV was significant here nonetheless, and still is, and it affected the lives of those men who had been charged with homosexual crimes. I feel some sadness that it took the Parliament until 2014 to enable the expungement of these discriminatory and cruel convictions. But let us not reflect on that today. Importantly, today we recognise that those laws against gay men were discriminatory, they were cruel and they were not justified. We acknowledge that those laws created a rich environment for stigma — stigma that continues in some forms today.
It has taken 36 years for us to get from a bill decriminalising homosexual activity to an apology for the horrific harms caused. But let us not pretend that this means that everything is fine. The ongoing denial of marriage equality is a form of legal discrimination. LGBTI people have incredibly high rates of suicide and some of the poorest mental health outcomes. These issues still stem from the stigma fostered by legal discrimination then and now. I cannot help but wonder what we will be apologising for in another 36 years.
So I say sorry not only to those men who were affected individually but also to their families and loved ones, and especially those here today. The shame that people carried is significant, and I hope that today starts the healing process towards righting our state’s past wrongs.
I will leave the last words to the wonderful dancer, write and activist Noel Tovey, who has been pivotal in making today happen. He said:
I think this will be the beginning of a lot of changes … maybe one day being gay will just be ordinary.
Honourable members applauded.